Big cities attract companies and business investment, and are usually important cultural centers and research hubs. Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. 610,000 Ranked 7th. Due to the fact that physical beauty plays an important role in human life and can directly effect on your self-esteem, you have to choose a professional, capable and trustworthy surgeon for a nose job; in Iran you can find the best cosmetic doctors. The government is playing a more active role in some strategic sectors and has used economic institutions and regulators to target political opponents, undermining private sector confidence in the judicial system. 465 Ranked 2nd. 2:51. The movement floundered as conservative politicians, supported by the Supreme Leader, unelected institutions of authority like the Council of Guardians, and the security services reversed and blocked reform measures while increasing security repression. To get a better idea of how large the country is, you can compare it with a soccer field, which has 0.007km². Source: worldometers.info, The number of new deaths caused by COVID-19 (coronavirus), according to the last official status report. But honestly Iran has a lot more to visit. Populous cities or countries usually offer better employment opportunities because of their large economies. Ahmet T. Kuru says Turkey has been in the defensive position amidst tension in the Middle East, while Iran and its allies—namely Iraq and Syria—have been on the offensive. I'm not sure who would win, but I can think of one advantage Turkey might have. The percent of the total labor force comprised of young males (ages 15-24) who are unemployed during a specific year. Since then, Turkish political parties have multiplied, but democracy has been fractured by periods of instability and military coups (1960, 1971, 1980), which in each case eventually resulted in a return of formal political power to civilians. Current government policies emphasize populist spending measures and credit breaks, while implementation of structural economic reforms has slowed. 47.703% less COVID-19 confirmed cases (total)? Turkey's largely free-market economy is driven by its industry and, increasingly, service sectors, although its traditional agriculture sector still accounts for about 25% of employment. 14% more than Iran Armed forces personnel: 513,000 Ranked 8th. ANKARA (Reuters) - Turkey will work to de-escalate tensions between Iran and the United States and has been in contact with both parties after U.S. forces killed a top Iranian … The total length of the country’s railway network. ROHANI was reelected president in May 2017. Turkey joined the UN in 1945 and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. The percentage of land dedicated to agricultural use, including arable land, permanent crops, and permanent pasture. On the other hand, Turkey has more experience in having tourists, alcohol isn't banned there and you don't have to wear hairscarf. Cities or countries with younger population have usually better development perspectives. Iran and Turkey see their interests more aligned than ever. Turkey intervened militarily on Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island and has since acted as patron state to the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus," which only Turkey recognizes. SLE includes primary to tertiary education. Iran’s response has been to strike at Turkey by once again supporting the P.K.K., which has launched dozens of deadly attacks, killing more than 150 Turks since the summer of 2011. Adding to tensions, Tehran and Ankara have diametrically opposed worldviews: Turkey is a constitutionally secular state where the military is the self-appointed guardian of secularism. Under his leadership, the country adopted radical social, legal, and political reforms. Turkey vs. Iran. The growth of Turkish GDP since 2016 has revealed the persistent underlying imbalances in the Turkish economy. Together with Russia, the two are partners in the Astana peace talks on Syria. Public spending on education includes direct expenditure on schools, universities, and other types of educational institutions, as well as educational-related public subsidies. Turkey remains highly dependent on imported oil and gas but is pursuing energy relationships with a broader set of international partners and taking steps to increase use of domestic energy sources including renewables, nuclear, and coal. inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham (ISIS) networks in Turkey: Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front (DHKP/C): Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC): Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps - Qods Force (IRGC-QF): School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education), Children under the age of 5 years underweight, International law organization participation, Household income or consumption by percentage share, Distribution of family income - Gini index, Stock of direct foreign investment - at home, Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad, Electricity - installed generating capacity, Electricity - from other renewable sources, Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy, Civil aircraft registration country code prefix, Refugees and internally displaced persons. Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the Anatolian remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk or "Father of the Turks." The economy continues to suffer from low levels of investment and declines in productivity since before the JCPOA, and from high levels of unemployment, especially among women and college-educated Iranian youth. The reforms strengthened the country's economic fundamentals and ushered in an era of strong growth, averaging more than 6% annually until 2008. Turkey Iran. Source: Wikipedia, 2021; city's official stats, 2021. Forests have a key role in removing pollutants and cleansing the air. Population density shows how cramped or spread out inhabitants are. Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president. The percentage of adults considered obese. The percentage of the country’s population with access to improved drinking water sources, such as piped water or protected wells. 2,591,609 vs 4955594; 10 789.00$ higher GDP per capita? The total length of the country’s paved and unpaved roads. The number of physicians (generalist and specialist medical doctors) per 1,000 people. He is a longtime senior member in the regime, but has made promises of reforming society and Iran's foreign policy. Even if neither side has allies, the combatants are still entering the war from their current military posture. severe earthquakes, especially in northern Turkey, along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van; landslides; flooding, volcanism: limited volcanic activity; its three historically active volcanoes; Ararat, Nemrut Dagi, and Tendurek Dagi have not erupted since the 19th century or earlier, note: 3 oversight bodies are also considered part of the executive branch of government, note: lyrics adopted 1921, music adopted 1932; the anthem's original music was adopted in 1924; a new composition was agreed upon in 1932, note 1: adopted 1990; Iran has had six national anthems; the first, entitled Salam-e Shah (Royal Salute) was in use from 1873-1909; next came Salamati-ye Dowlat-e Elliye-ye Iran (Salute of the Sublime State of Persia, 1909-1933); it was followed by Sorud-e melli (The Imperial Anthem of Iran; 1933-1979), which chronicled the exploits of the Pahlavi Dynasty; Ey Iran (Oh Iran) functioned unofficially as the national anthem for a brief period between the ouster of the Shah in 1979 and the early days of the Islamic Republic in 1980; Payandeh Bada Iran (Long Live Iran) was used between 1980 and 1990 during the time of Ayatollah KHOMEINInote 2: a recording of the current Iranian national anthem is unavailable since the US Navy Band does not record anthems for countries from which the US does not anticipate official visits; the US does not have diplomatic relations with Iran. Since the attempted coup, Turkish Government authorities arrested, suspended, or dismissed more than 130,000 security personnel, journalists, judges, academics, and civil servants due to their alleged connection to Gulen's movement. The cost of postoperative care in Iran is much cheaper than turkey. The average life expectancy at birth is the number of years that the population of a country is expected to live. School life expectancy (SLE) represents the number of years of schooling that children are expected to complete. President AHMADI-NEJAD's independent streak angered regime establishment figures, including the Supreme Leader, leading to conservative opposition to his agenda for the last year of his presidency, and an alienation of his political supporters. Iran vs Saudi Arabia. Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi claimed that the deaths of Turkish soldiers might have been avoided if the United States had informed Turkey that the terrorists were infiltrating into Turkey with heavy weaponry. After Turkey experienced a severe financial crisis in 2001, Ankara adopted financial and fiscal reforms as part of an IMF program. Turkey vs Russia. Deteriorating economic conditions due primarily to government mismanagement and international sanctions prompted at least two major economically based protests in July and October 2012, but Iran's internal security situation remained stable. The average life expectancy at birth for the country’s female population. The percentage of land covered by forests. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism and was subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and concerns over possible military dimensions of its nuclear program until Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Implementation Day in 2016. For years, Turkey would say one thing to Moscow and Tehran while telling Washington’s Iran hawks that Turkey was “against Russia and Iran.” By SETH J. FRANTZMAN MARCH 21, 2021 18:10 Explore similarities and differences. Distortions - including corruption, price controls, subsidies, and a banking system holding billions of dollars of non-performing loans - weigh down the economy, undermining the potential for private-sector-led growth. The percentage of the country’s population using the internet. The share of the population with access to electricity, in both rural and urban environments. The Iranian government directly owns and operates hundreds of state-owned enterprises and indirectly controls many companies affiliated with the country's security forces. It can be nice to live in big cities or countries, as a larger space may offer more options for residents and visitors. Share. Compare armed forces Compare. This move has cast Ankara and Damascus as enemies, and also cooled ties between Ankara and Baghdad, where the government is run by Shiites that Turkey considers Iran's peons. This happens during the first half of the seven years long Tribulation period. Obesity is a public health problem and increases the risk of chronic diseases. 18 504.00$ vs 7715$ 19.63% lower obesity rate among adults? Source: worldometers.info, The number of patients diagnosed with COVID-19 (coronavirus) that are currently in critical condition. Countries or cities with a higher number of hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants usually have well-developed health care systems. Conservative clerical forces led by Ayatollah Ruhollah KHOMEINI established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts (AOE) - a popularly elected 88-member body of clerics. maryam (iran) vs Agnes(Turkey) The joint Turkish-Azerbaijani Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline is moving forward to increase transport of Caspian gas to Turkey and Europe, and when completed will help diversify Turkey's sources of imported gas. Turkey. RUHANI will need to implement structural reforms that strengthen the banking sector and improve Iran’s business climate to attract foreign investment and encourage the growth of the private sector. Low unemployment rate indicates better career opportunities and economic growth. Iran Turkey HISTORY; Air force > Combat aircraft: 407 Ranked 1st. Turkey vs. Iran. Turkey and Iran vowed to collaborate in their fight against terrorists in Iraq, as thousands of Turkish troops pressed ahead with an air and ground offensive against the militants in northern Iraq. More than 240 people were killed and over 2,000 injured when Turkish citizens took to the streets en masse to confront the coup forces. 550 B.C. Global economic conditions and tighter fiscal policy caused GDP to contract in 2009, but Turkey's well-regulated financial markets and banking system helped the country weather the global financial crisis, and GDP growth rebounded to around 9% in 2010 and 2011, as exports and investment recovered following the crisis. Source: worldometers.info, The number of patients diagnosed with COVID-19 (coronavirus) currently undergoing treatment. After a period of one-party rule, an experiment with multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democrat Party and the peaceful transfer of power. The US began gradually re-imposing sanctions on Iran after the US withdrawal from JCPOA in May 2018. So the Shia minority will rise up against the Sunni majority. Map of the world. Source: worldometers.info, The total number of new COVID-19 (coronavirus) cases according to the last official status report. The inflation rate represents the annual price increase for goods and services, indicating a decrease in the purchasing power of a country’s currency. The country’s total land area (excluding inland and sea waters). Turkey-Iran-Pakistan: aspirations vs opportunities The idea of these three banding together to address regional security challenges is once again gaining traction by Sanjay Pulipaka April 21, 2021 April 21, 2021 The Turkish Government conducted a referendum on 16 April 2017 in which voters approved constitutional amendments changing Turkey from a parliamentary to a presidential system. Over the past decade, economic reforms, coupled with some political reforms, have contributed to a growing economy, although economic growth slowed in recent years. Young societies are more dynamic and creative. (Achaemenid (Persian) Empire established); A.D. 1501 (Iran reunified under the Safavid Dynasty); 1794 (beginning of Qajar Dynasty); 12 December 1925 (modern Iran established under the PAHLAVI Dynasty), civil law system based on various European legal systems, notably the Swiss civil code, religious legal system based on secular and Islamic law, ADB (nonregional member), Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CBSS (observer), CD, CE, CERN (observer), CICA, CPLP (associate observer), D-8, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, EU (candidate country), FAO, FATF, G-20, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, Pacific Alliance (observer), Paris Club (associate), PCA, PIF (partner), SCO (dialogue member), SELEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNRWA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC, CICA, CP, D-8, ECO, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, SAARC (observer), SCO (observer), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer), Ambassador Serdar KILIC (since 21 May 2014), none; Iran has an Interests Section in the Pakistani Embassy; address: Iranian Interests Section, Pakistani Embassy, 2209 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007; telephone:  (202) 965-4990; FAX  (202) 965-1073, red with a vertical white crescent moon (the closed portion is toward the hoist side) and white five-pointed star centered just outside the crescent opening; the flag colors and designs closely resemble those on the banner of the Ottoman Empire, which preceded modern-day Turkey; the crescent moon and star serve as insignia for Turkic peoples; according to one interpretation, the flag represents the reflection of the moon and a star in a pool of blood of Turkish warriors, three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red; the national emblem (a stylized representation of the word Allah in the shape of a tulip, a symbol of martyrdom) in red is centered in the white band; ALLAH AKBAR (God is Great) in white Arabic script is repeated 11 times along the bottom edge of the green band and 11 times along the top edge of the red band; green is the color of Islam and also represents growth, white symbolizes honesty and peace, red stands for bravery and martyrdom, has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt, vertical crescent moon with adjacent five-pointed star; national colors: red, white, textiles, food processing, automobiles, electronics, mining (coal, chromate, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper, petroleum, petrochemicals, gas, fertilizer, caustic soda, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), ferrous and nonferrous metal fabrication, armaments, tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, hazelnuts, pulses, citrus; livestock, wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, sugarcane, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar, apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment, petroleum 60%, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets, cement, ore, Germany 9.6%, UK 6.1%, UAE 5.9%, Iraq 5.8%, US 5.5%, Italy 5.4%, France 4.2%, Spain 4%, China 27.5%, India 15.1%, South Korea 11.4%, Turkey 11.1%, Italy 5.7%, Japan 5.3%, machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, transport equipment, industrial supplies, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services, China 10%, Germany 9.1%, Russia 8.4%, US 5.1%, Italy 4.8%, UAE 29.8%, China 12.7%, Turkey 4.4%, South Korea 4%, Germany 4%, state-run broadcast media with no private, independent broadcasters; Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB), the state-run TV broadcaster, operates 19 nationwide channels including a news channel, about 34 provincial channels, and several international channels; about 20 foreign Persian-language TV stations broadcasting on satellite TV are capable of being seen in Iran; satellite dishes are illegal and, while their use is subjectively tolerated, authorities confiscate satellite dishes from time to time; IRIB operates 16 nationwide radio networks, a number of provincial stations, and an external service; most major international broadcasters transmit to Iran, 7 km condensate, 973 km condensate/gas, 20794 km gas, 570 km liquid petroleum gas, 8625 km oil, 7937 km refined products, Turkish Armed Forces (TSK): Turkish Land Forces (Turk Kara Kuvvetleri), Turkish Naval Forces (Turk Deniz Kuvvetleri; includes naval air and naval infantry), Turkish Air Forces (Turk Hava Kuvvetleri); Ministry of Interior: Gendarmerie of the Turkish Republic, Turkish Coast Guard Command, Islamic Republic of Iran Regular Forces (Artesh): Ground Forces, Navy (includes marines), Air Force, Air Defense Forces; Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (Sepah, IRGC): Ground Forces, Navy (includes marines), Aerospace Force (controls strategic missile force), Qods Force (special operations), Cyber Command, Basij Paramilitary Forces (Popular Mobilization Army); Law Enforcement Forces (border and security troops, assigned to the armed forces in wartime), President Erdogan on 25 June 2019 signed a new law cutting the men’s mandatory military service period in half, as well as making paid military service permanent; with the new system, the period of conscription was reduced from 12 months to six months for private and non-commissioned soldiers (the service term for reserve officers chosen among university or college graduates will remain 12 months); after completing six months of service, if a conscripted soldier wants to and is suitable for extending his military service, he may do so for an additional six months in return for a monthly salary; under the new law, all male Turkish citizens over the age of 20 will be required to undergo a one month military training period, but they can obtain an exemption from the remaining five months of their mandatory service by paying 31,000 Turkish Liras, 18 years of age for compulsory military service; 16 years of age for volunteers; 17 years of age for Law Enforcement Forces; 15 years of age for Basij Forces (Popular Mobilization Army); conscript military service obligation is 18-24 months; women exempt from military service, key transit route for Southwest Asian heroin to Western Europe and, to a lesser extent, the US - via air, land, and sea routes; major Turkish and other international trafficking organizations operate out of Istanbul; laboratories to convert imported morphine base into heroin exist in remote regions of Turkey and near Istanbul; government maintains strict controls over areas of legal opium poppy cultivation and over output of poppy straw concentrate; lax enforcement of money-laundering controls, despite substantial interdiction efforts and considerable control measures along the border with Afghanistan, Iran remains one of the primary transshipment routes for Southwest Asian heroin to Europe; suffers one of the highest opiate addiction rates in the world, and has an increasing problem with synthetic drugs; regularly enforces the death penalty for drug offences; lacks anti-money laundering laws; has reached out to neighboring countries to share counter-drug intelligence, - note: Iran also borders the Caspian Sea (740 km), in Black Sea only: to the maritime boundary agreed upon with the former USSR, bilateral agreements or median lines in the Persian Gulf.